National Heritage Assessment
The names of individual assessors and nominators have been removed for privacy reasons
About this assessment
The Australian Heritage Council found the Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area (KAVHA) on Norfolk Island of outstanding national significance for its picturesque setting, historic associations, part ruinous configuration and undeveloped nature. As a convict settlement between 1788-1855, KAVHA was known as ‘hell in paradise’. Today it provides the longest and most intact record of the convict phase of Australian history, with a rare and outstanding collection of significant buildings and archaeological remains. Further importance is in its association with Pitcairn Islanders (settled on Norfolk Island in 1856), and as a place where a distinctive Polynesian/European community has lived and practised its cultural traditions for over 150 years.
In some cases the Minister will have made amendments to such matters as boundaries, values and descriptions, before listing the place. For final listing data visit the Australian Heritage Database or the National Heritage Listing for the Kingston and Arthuts Vale Historic Area (KAVHA).