Coxen's fig-parrot is one of Australia's rarest and least known birds. It has been recorded on just over 200 occasions since Gould described it in 1867. Confirmed or credible sighting reports continue to be made in both range states, including about 30 records in north-east New South Wales since 1970 and twice this number in south-east Queensland over the last decade alone. Nevertheless, accurate predictions about population size are currently not possible.
Coxen's fig-parrot is cryptic and extremely difficult to see in its habitat and may therefore be more common than the number of sightings suggest.