Australian Crop Report: March edition
Winter crop production in South Australia is estimated to have fallen by 2% in 2021–22 to 8.4 million tonnes, but remains 16% above the 10-year average to 2020–21.
Seasonal conditions in South Australia were variable during the winter cropping season. Production in southern cropping regions is estimated to be generally well above average, supported by above average rainfall and cool conditions in late spring. However, production prospects in northern cropping regions were damaged by dry conditions in August and September, and those earlier finishing areas were generally unable to benefit from the more favourable conditions in late spring.
Harvest in most cropping regions was finished by the end of December after being delayed by wet and cool conditions during November and early December. Those wet conditions also caused downgrading of early maturing crops but did not significantly affect the quality of most later maturing crops. Wheat qualities generally reached ASW (Australian Standard White) and APW (Australian Premium White) grades with much less downgraded to feed than in New South Wales. While a smaller proportion of barley reached malt grades than average, the oil content of most canola crops were assessed to be reasonable to high.
Record rainfall during late January on the Eyre Peninsula caused widespread flooding which cut off some regional and remote communities from outside access. Flooded road and rail networks hindered emergency relief from reaching flood-affected communities and delayed the transportation of goods between states and territories. There has also been some damage to farm infrastructure and an increase in weed pressure leading into the 2022–23 winter cropping season.
Note: Yields are based on area planted. Area based on planted crop that is harvested, fed off or failed. Percent changes are relative to last year.